[19][24], According to a medieval Christian text titled Martyrium Ignatii, Ignatius' remains were carried back to Antioch by his companions after his martyrdom. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository, Ignacio de Antioquía (es); Antiochiai Szent Ignác (hu); Ignazio Antiokiakoa (eu); Ignaciu d'Antioquía (ast); Игнатий Богоносец (ru); Ignatius von Antiochien (de); Shën Injaci i Antiokisë (sq); Իգնատիոս Անտիոքացի (hy); 伊格那丢 (zh); Ignatius af Antiokia (da); Antakyalı İgnatius (tr); アンティオキアのイグナティオス (ja); Ignatius vo Antiochia (bar); Ignatiosy avy any Antiokia (mg); Ignatios av Antiochia (sv); Ignasi d'Antiòquia (oc); איגנטיוס מאנטיוכיה (he); Ignatius Antiochenus (la); Sfântul Ignatie (ro); Ignatius of Antioch (en); Ignatziu de Antiochia (sc); Ignatios (fi); Ignatius van Antiochië (nl); Ignaco el Antioĥio (eo); Игнатиј Богоносец (mk); அந்தியோக்கு இஞ்ஞாசியார் (ta); Ignazio di Antiochia (it); Ignác Antiochijský (sk); Ignace (fr); Ignacy Antiocheński (pl); Ignacije Antiohijski (hr); Ignasi d'Antioquia (ca); Saint Ingnache d'Antioke (pcd); ایگناتیوس انطاکیه (fa); اغناطيوس الانطاكى (arz); Ignatius dari Antiokhia (id); Ignác z Antiochie (cs); Inácio de Antioquia (pt); Игнатий Богоносец (bg); Antiohijas Ignācijs (lv); Ignatius Van Antiochië (af); Игњатије Богоносац (sr); Ignacij Antiohijski (sl); ܐܝܓܢܐܛܝܘܣ ܢܘܪܢܐ (arc); Ігнатій Богоносець (uk); อิกเนเชียสแห่งแอนติออก (th); Ignacio han Antiokia (war); Ignas wa Antiokia (sw); Ignatius av Antiokia (nb); Ignjatije Antiohijski (sh); ეგნატე ღმერთშემოსილი (ka); اگنیشیئس (ur); Ignatios Antiookiast (et); 이그나티우스 (ko); Ignacio de Antioquía (gl); إغناطيوس (ar); Ιγνάτιος Αντιοχείας (el); 安条克个依纳爵 (wuu) škof v Antiohiji (sl); patriarche d’Antioche, saint chrétien (fr); święty, biskup Antiochii, Ojciec Kościoła (pl); theoloog uit Oude Rome (35-107) (nl); Bischof von Antiochia (de); 안티오키아 제3대 총대주교 (ko); Patriarch of Antioch and martyr saint (en); vescovo cattolico e teologo romano (it); Padre Apostólico, s. II (es); Bispo de Antioquia e Santo da Igreja Católica (pt) Ignacio de Antioquia, San Ignacio de Antioquia, San Ignacio de Antioquía (es); St. Ignatius dari Antiokhia, Ignatius (id); Saint Ignace d'Antioche, Ignace d’Antioche (fr); Игњатије Антиохијски, Свештеномученик Игњатије Богоносац, Свештеномученик Игњатије, Пренос моштију светог Игњатија Богоносца, Свети Игњатије Богоносац, Свети Игњатије, Свети Игнатије Богоносац (sr); Ignatius Antiookiast (et); إغناطيوس النوراني, اغناطيوس, إغناطيوس الأنطاكي (ar); Ignat, Sfântul Ignatie Teoforul, Ignatie Teoforul (ro); Pyhä Ignatius Antiokialainen, Pyhä Ignatius, Ignatios Antiokialainen, Pyhä Ignatios Antiokialainen, Pyhä Ignatios (fi); Богоносец, Игнатий Антиохийский (ru); Ignatios z Antiochie, Ignác z Antiochie (sk); Ignatius von Antiochia (de); Inácio de Antióquia, Santo Inácio de Antioquia (pt); Sant'Ignazio di Antiochia, Ignazio d'Antiochia, Sant'Ignazio d'Antiochia (it); Իգնատիոս Աստվածազգյաց (hy); Свети Игнат, Св. Coro Sant'Ignazio di Antiochia. [3] British classicist Timothy Barnes has argued for a date in the 140s AD, on the grounds that Ignatius seems to have quoted a work of the Gnostic Ptolemy in one of his epistles, who only became active in the 130s. In modern Turkey. 2017. This category contains only the following page. Le sue lettere esprimono calde parole d'amore a Cristo e alla Chiesa. * Input the characters you see in the image. In quel tempo Roma, Alessandria e Antiochia erano le tre grandi metropoli dell Impero romano. [31]:137 Killen contrasted this episcopal polity with the presbyterian polity in the writings of Polycarp. Qui, in Antiochia, come sappiamo dagli Atti degli Apostoli, sorse una comunita' cristiana fiorente, e «per la prima volta i discepoli furono chiamati cristiani» (At 11,26). Ignatius modelled his writings after those allegedly written by Paul, Peter, and John, and even quoted or paraphrased biblical entries by these apostles' works freely, such as when he quoted 1 Corinthians 1:18, in his letter to the Ephesians: Let my spirit be counted as nothing for the sake of the cross, which is a stumbling-block to those that do not believe, but to us salvation and life eternal. The church is open 7:30 to 12:00, 16:00 to 20:00 (with special arrangements for Exposition -see below). Please choose a different date. ...They abstain from the Eucharist and from prayer because they do not confess that the Eucharist is the flesh of our Savior Jesus Christ, flesh which suffered for our sins and which that Father, in his goodness, raised up again. Upon the arrest of both prisoners, Christians from all over Asia Minor come to visit them and bring them gifts (cf. Churches of Rome Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. Let us therefore no longer keep the Sabbath after the Jewish manner, and rejoice in days of idleness. [26] The sixth-century writings of Evagrius Scholasticus state that the reputed remains of Ignatius were moved by the Emperor Theodosius II to the Tychaeum, or Temple of Tyche, which had been converted into a church dedicated to Ignatius. Lascia un messaggio * CAPTCHA. The vault springs from gigantic pilasters marking the divisions of the bays, four on each side with four more very thin ones fitted into the corners of the nave. Around the same time, the scholar Joseph Ruis-Camps published a study arguing that the Middle Recension letters were pseudepigraphically composed based on an original, smaller, authentic corpus of four letters (Romans, Magnesians, Trallians, and Ephesians). [12] Theodoret of Cyrrhus claimed that St. Peter himself left directions that Ignatius be appointed to the episcopal see of Antioch. The Catholic Encyclopedia, "CHURCH FATHERS: Church History, Book III (Eusebius)", "Antiochian Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of North America", "CHURCH FATHERS: The Martyrdom of Ignatius", "Chapter XVI: Translation Of The Remains Of Ignatius", https://www.catholic.com/encyclopedia/ignatius-of-antioch-saint, "CHURCH FATHERS: Spurious Epistles (Ignatius of Antioch)", Holy Letters and Syllables, the function and character of Scripture Authority in the writings of St Ignatius, The Ecclesiology of St. Ignatius of Antioch, Opera Omnia by J.-P. Migne, Patrologia Graeca with analytical indexes, Catholic Encyclopedia: Spurious Epistles of St. Ignatius of Antioch, Ignatius writings in the Ante-Nicene Fathers, Here Followeth the Life of St. Ignatius, Bishop, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, Rise of the Evangelical Church in Latin America, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ignatius_of_Antioch&oldid=989113967, Converts to Christianity from pagan religions, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Church in eastern Mediterranean; Church in North Africa, Ignatius first traveled from Antioch, in the province of. He reasons that "if Ignatius was in some way a donation by the Imperial Governor of Syria to the games at Rome, a single prisoner seems a rather miserly gift. [31]:127, Some doubts about the authenticity of the original letters continued into the 20th century. Eusebio di Cesarea, uno storico del IV secolo, dedica un intero capitolo della sua Storia Ecclesiastica alla vita e all opera letteraria di Ignazio (3,36). The roofs are pitched and tiled. Be the first one to, Advanced embedding details, examples, and help, Terms of Service (last updated 12/31/2014). Both are imprisoned by Roman authorities. RELEASED. The text of these epistles is known in three different recensions, or editions: the Short Recension, found in a Syriac manuscript; the Middle Recension, found in Greek and Latin manuscripts; and the Long Recension, found in Latin manuscripts. Since travel by land in the Roman Empire was between five and fifty-two times more expensive than travel by sea,[23] and Antioch was a major port city, the most efficient route would likely have been entirely by sea. ...But let every one of you keep the Sabbath after a spiritual manner, rejoicing in meditation on the law, not in relaxation of the body ... and not eating things prepared the day before, nor using lukewarm drinks, and walking within a prescribed space. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. This correspondence now forms a central part of a later collection of works known to be authored by the Apostolic Fathers. Due to the sparse and fragmentary nature of the documentation of Ignatius' life and martyrdom, the date of his death is subject to a significant amount of uncertainty. He stressed the value of the Eucharist, calling it a "medicine of immortality" (Ignatius to the Ephesians 20:2). But by the end of the 19th century, Theodor Zahn and J. For a brief period, there was a scholarly debate on the question of whether the Short Recension was earlier and more original than the Middle Recension. The patron saint is Ignatius of Antioch. [29], Manuscripts representing the Short Recension of the Ignatian epistles were discovered and published by William Cureton in the mid-19th century. Raggiunta Roma dopo il faticoso viaggio, Ignazio subì il martirio nell'Urbe nel decimo anno del regno di Traiano (107), secondo la notizia riferita da Eusebio[9]. L'uomo proteso verso l'unità: Ferdinando Bergamelli: 9788821308642: Books - Amazon.ca The church stands back from the street, fronting a small piazza paved in grey slabs with two mature evergreen oak trees. Tradition identifies Ignatius, along with his friend Polycarp, as disciples of John the Apostle. Ignazio di Antiochia Policarpo di Smirne (Padri dei primi secoli Vol. In quel tempo Roma, Alessandria e Antiochia erano le tre grandi metropoli dell Impero romano. Condannato ad bestias durante il regno dell'imperatore Traiano (98-117), fu imprigionato e condotto da Antiochia a Roma sotto la scorta di una pattuglia di soldati per esservi divorato dalle fiere. It is from the word katholikos ("according to the whole") that the word catholic comes. "[19] John Chrysostom is the first to allude to the Colosseum as the place of Ignatius' martyrdom. It has three rectangular entrances, the middle one larger than the other two, and the doors of these are recessed within sloping frames. The entrances are in a shallow entrance lobby which is otherwise closed off from the outside, and the wall of which melds with that of the campanile to the left. We have also as a Physician the Lord our God, Jesus the Christ, the only-begotten Son and Word, before time began, but who afterwards became also man, of Mary the virgin. Stevan Davies has pointed out that "no other examples exist from the Flavian age of any prisoners except citizens or prisoners of war being brought to Rome for execution. Ignazio di Antiochia: lettere alla chiesa di Efeso, di Magnesia, di Tralle, di Roma, di Filadelfia, di Smirne, Policarpo di Smirne: Lettera ai Filippesi, martirio di san Policarpo. An examination of his theology of soteriology shows that he regarded salvation as one being free from the powerful fear of death and thus to bravely face martyrdom.[37]. The church has the plan of a single rectangular nave of five bays, followed by a sanctuary of a single bay which is a little narrower. Altro tema significativo è la confessione della vera umanità di Cristo contro i docetisti, i quali sostenevano che l'incarnazione del Figlio di Dio fosse stata solo apparente[8]. This is a quotation from the letter written to the church at Rome by St Ignatius when he was on the way to be martyred there. [25] Contemporary scholars are uncertain that any of these authors had sources other than Ignatius' own writings. [17] The Synaxarium of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria places it on the 24th of the Coptic Month of Koiak (which is also the 24 day of the fourth month of Tahisas in the Synaxarium of The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church), corresponding in three years out of every four to 20 December in the Julian Calendar, which currently falls on 2 January of the Gregorian Calendar. Epistle to the Smyrnaeans. But ever since John Pearson's strong defense of the authenticity of the Middle Recension in the late 17th century, there has been a scholarly consensus that the Middle Recension is the original version of the text. In his letter addressed to the Christians of Rome, he entreats to do nothing to prevent his martyrdom.[13]. Giuseppe Marraco Hotels near Parrocchia Sant'Ignazio di Antiochia allo Statuario: What restaurants are near Parrocchia Sant'Ignazio di Antiochia allo Statuario? Eusebius had an ideological interest in dating church leaders as early as possible, and ensuring that there were no gaps in succession between the original apostles of Jesus and the leaders of the church in his day. There is Exposition of the Blessed Sacrament on Thursdays and First Fridays, 8:00 to 12:30, 16:00 to 22:00. Above the canopy is a row of three more round-headed windows, in a central zone which is slightly brought forward with respect to the blank walling on either side. On the other hand, whatever has his approval is pleasing to God. Epistle to the Trallians [4]:121ff[32][33][34], The original text of six of the seven original letters are found in the Codex Mediceo Laurentianus written in Greek in the 11th century (which also contains the pseudepigraphical letters of the Long Recension, except that to the Philippians),[35] while the letter to the Romans is found in the Codex Colbertinus.[11]. The flat-roofed lobby has its roof brought forward as a floating canopy with a deep concrete fascia having a dedicatory inscription on it in golden mosaic: D. O. M. in hon[ore] S. Ignatii Antioch[iensis] AD MCMLVII. When Ignatius wrote the Letter to the Smyrnaeans in about the year 107 and used the word catholic, he used it as if it were a word already in use to describe the Church. Partito da Smirne, Ignazio giunse nella Troade, dove scrisse altre tre lettere: alla chiesa di Filadelfia e a quella di Smirne, chiedendo che i fedeli si congratulassero con la comunità d'Antiochia, che aveva sopportato con coraggio le persecuzioni ora ivi concluse. Ignazio auspicava una nuova organizzazione della chiesa cristiana in cui un solo vescovo presiedesse “al posto di Dio”. Ilija vo Melnica 10.jpg 495 × 477; 62 KB [4], Ignatius himself wrote that he would be thrown to the beasts, and in the fourth century Eusebius reports tradition that this came to pass,[24] which is then repeated by Jerome who is the first to explicitly mention "lions. For around a quarter of a century after this, it was debated which recension represented the original text of the epistles. [7] Tali idee influenzarono e stimolarono l'elaborazione teologica successiva. The patron saint is Ignatius of Antioch. "the God-bearing") or Ignatius Nurono (lit. Le Lettere di Ignazio sono una finestra aperta per conoscere le condizioni e la vita della chiesa del suo tempo. Our Articles. [4]:121 The Long Recension is the product of a fourth-century Arian Christian, who interpolated the Middle Recension epistles in order to posthumously enlist Ignatius as an unwitting witness in theological disputes of that age. However, the main entrance is on the Via Appia Nuova and overlooks the Parco Regionale Appia Antica. Fu il secondo successore di Pietro come vescovo di Antiochia di Siria, cioè della terza città per grandezza del mondo antico mediterraneo. Ignatius is the earliest known Christian writer to emphasize loyalty to a single bishop in each city (or diocese) who is assisted by both presbyters (priests) and deacons. Ignazio di Antiochia. They are by Laura Redini Giuliani. "The fire-bearer"), was an early Christian writer and bishop of Antioch. The Roman Catholic Church has long held up the authenticity of the letters from past to present. This is a massive transversely rectangular brick tower, with two round-headed sound-holes side by side in each long face of the bell-chamber. B. Lightfoot had established a scholarly consensus that the Short Recension is merely a summary of the text of the Middle Recension, and was therefore composed later. di Antiochia e di San Policarpo Tutti i brani sono accompagnati da brevi spunti di riflessione. [27] In 637 the relics were transferred to the Basilica di San Clemente in Rome. Let the world see your experience through your eyes. The Martyrium presents the confrontation of the bishop Ignatius with Trajan at Antioch, a familiar trope of Acta of the martyrs, and many details of the long, partly overland voyage to Rome. [citation needed] This has led many scholars[citation needed] to conclude that the appellation Catholic Church with its ecclesial connotation may have been in use as early as the last quarter of the first century. "The fire-bearer"), was an early Christian writer and bishop of Antioch. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the. Join Facebook to connect with Ignazio Di Antiochia and others you may know. more, Top Selling Tours & Activities in and around Rome. Sant Ignazio di Antiochia. The Stations of the Cross are by Alessandro Monteleone. June 6 LANGUAGE. The very strong desire for bloody martyrdom in the arena, which Ignatius expresses rather graphically in places, may seem quite odd to the modern reader. His letters also serve as an example of early Christian theology. Skip the Line: Vatican Museums and Sistine... Skip-the-Line Colosseum Ticket with Optional... View all hotels near Parrocchia Sant'Ignazio di Antiochia allo Statuario on Tripadvisor, View all restaurants near Parrocchia Sant'Ignazio di Antiochia allo Statuario on Tripadvisor, Parrocchia Sant'Ignazio di Antiochia allo Statuario. [18]:177–178, Christine Trevett has called Davies' suggestion "entirely hypothetical" and concludes that no fully satisfactory solution to the problem can be found, writing, "I tend to take the bishop at his word when he says he is a condemned man. È venerato come santo dalla Chiesa ortodossa e dalla Chiesa cattolica, ed è annoverato fra i Padri della Chiesa e Padre Apostolico. The following seven epistles preserved under the name of Ignatius are generally considered authentic, since they were mentioned by the historian Eusebius in the first half of the fourth century. The original altarpiece was left in place. On the apex of the gable is a very odd white stone structure sheltering the statue, comprising a horizontal rectangular slab supported by four brackets with incurved faces. Under Roman law, only the governor of a province or the emperor himself could impose capital punishment, so the legate would have faced the choice of imprisoning Ignatius in Antioch or sending him to Rome. The exterior walls are in blank red brick. GENRE. Ignatius's letters bear signs of being written in great haste and without a proper plan, such as run-on sentences and an unsystematic succession of thought. The plain façade is all in red brick, except for a limestone foundation plinth. There are no reviews yet. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in Philippines. Both Ignatius and Peregrinus show a morbid eagerness to die. They are revetted in what looks like yellow marble (is it?). 2) (Italian Edition) eBook: AA.VV: Amazon.ca: Kindle Store Sorry, there are no tours or activities available to book online for the date(s) you selected. [26] It is presented as being an eye-witness account for the church of Antioch, attributed to Ignatius' companions, Philo of Cilicia, deacon at Tarsus, and Rheus Agathopus, a Syrian. Epistle to the Romans Sant'Ignazio di Antiochia in una Chiesa alla periferia di Roma | ZENIT - Il mondo visto da Roma, Lettera ai Romani di Ignazio di Antiochia, https://it.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ignazio_di_Antiochia&oldid=116288631, Voci biografiche con codici di controllo di autorità, licenza Creative Commons Attribuzione-Condividi allo stesso modo, Tutte le Chiese che ammettono il culto dei santi. Both prisoners sent letters to several Greek cities shortly before their deaths as "testaments, counsels, and laws", appointing "couriers" and "ambassadors" for the purpose. 192. What hotels are near Parrocchia Sant'Ignazio di Antiochia allo Statuario? "[18]:176 Instead, Davies proposes that Ignatius may have been indicted by a legate, or representative, of the governor of Syria while the governor was away temporarily, and sent to Rome for trial and execution. Steven Davies argues that Ignatius' circuitous route to Rome can only be explained by positing that he was not the main purpose of the soldiers' trip, and that the various stops in Asia Minor were for other state business. John Calvin called the epistles "rubbish published under Ignatius’ name. But the earliest source for this Trajanic date is the 4th century church historian Eusebius of Caesarea, who is regarded by some modern scholars as an unreliable source for chronological information regarding the early church. Ignatius is known to have taught the deity of Christ: There is one Physician who is possessed both of flesh and spirit; both made and not made; God existing in flesh; true life in death; both of Mary and of God; first passible and then impassible, even Jesus Christ our Lord. If there is any genuine nucleus of the Martyrium, it has been so greatly expanded with interpolations that no part of it is without questions. It was a room in an apartment block. Epistle to the Ephesians Save yourself hours of waiting by booking this skip-the-line tour of the Sistine Chapel, Raphael’s Rooms, and St. Peter’s Basilica (when the option is selected) in Rome. Ask fellow travelers and attraction managers your top questions. On the Eucharist, he wrote in his letter to the Smyrnaeans: Take note of those who hold heterodox opinions on the grace of Jesus Christ which has come to us, and see how contrary their opinions are to the mind of God. Esse ci sono rimaste e sono una testimonianza unica della vita della chiesa dell'inizio del II secolo. Sant'Ignazio d'Antiochia is mid 20th century parish church, with a postal address at Via Squillace 3 in the suburb of Statuario in the Appio-Claudio quarter. Epistle to the Magnesians [13] Ignatius called himself Theophorus (God Bearer). Appare per la prima volta l'espressione "Chiesa cattolica"[5], che è ritenuta un neologismo creato da lui[6]. Looking forward to this, the prophet declared, "To the end, for the eighth day," on which our life both sprang up again, and the victory over death was obtained in Christ. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. The church was designed by Tullio Rossi, and completed in 1957. Possa io elevarmi alla tua presenza»[3][2]. Compiendo il suo viaggio attraverso l Asia, sotto la custodia severa delle guardie, nelle singole citta' dove sostava, con prediche e ammonizioni, andava rinsaldando le Chiese; soprattutto esortava, col calore piu' vivo, di guardarsi dalle eresie, che allora cominciavano a pullulare, e raccomandava di non staccarsi dalla tradizione apostolica» (3,36,3-4). While many scholars accept the traditional dating of Ignatius' martyrdom under Trajan, others have argued for a somewhat later date. Fu esposto alle fiere durante i festeggiamenti in onore dell'imperatore Traiano, vincitore in Dacia. Le prime quattro lettere furono scritte da Smirne a tre comunità dell'Asia Minore, Efeso, Magnesia e Tralli, ringraziandole per le numerose dimostrazioni d'affetto testimoniate nei suoi travagli;[2] con la quarta lettera supplicava i Romani di non impedire il suo martirio, inteso come desiderio di ripercorrere la vita e la passione di Gesù: «Com'è glorioso essere un sole al tramonto, lontano dal mondo, verso Dio. Earlier writings only mention either bishops or presbyters. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. by Johann Apakass (17th c., Pushkin museum).jpg, Lorenzo Lotto - Madonna and Child with St Ignatius of Antioch and St Onophrius (detail) - WGA13664.jpg, Lotto, gesù bambino e sant'gnazio di antiochia.jpg, Roma, chiesa di Sant'Ignazio di Antiochia - Organo a canne e mosaico dell'abside.jpg, St Ignatius Bishop of Antioch from Little pictorial lives of the saints.JPG, Voskopojë St.Nikolaos - Vorhalle 5e Fresken.jpg, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Ignatius_of_Antioch&oldid=351969215, People depicted in Menologion of Basil II, Uses of Wikidata Infobox providing interwiki links, Uses of Wikidata Infobox with no family name, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [4]:120–121, For some time, it was believed that the Long Recension was the only extant version of the Ignatian epistles, but around 1628 a Latin translation of the Middle Recension was discovered by Archbishop James Ussher, who published it in 1646. Ignazio di Antiochia, detto L'Illuminatore (35 circa – Roma, 107 circa), è stato un vescovo e teologo siro. "[18], If Ignatius were a Roman citizen, he could have appealed to the emperor, but then he would usually have been beheaded rather than tortured. During the journey to Rome, Ignatius and his entourage of soldiers made a number of lengthy stops in Asia Minor, deviating from the most direct land route from Antioch to Rome. [20]:73 If the dependence of Lucian on the Ignatian epistles is accepted, then this places an upper limit on the date of the epistles: around the 160s AD, just before The Passing of Peregrinus was written. It is generally expected that a prisoner would be transported on the most direct, cost-effective route to their destination. Ignatius' feast day was kept in his own Antioch on 17 October, the day on which he is now celebrated in the Catholic Church and generally in western Christianity, although from the 12th century until 1969 it was put at 1 February in the General Roman Calendar.[15][16]. Sant'Ignazio d'Antiochia is mid 20th century parish church, with a postal address at Via Squillace 3 in the suburb of Statuario in the Appio-Claudio quarter. Being incorporeal, He was in the body, being impassible, He was in a passible body, being immortal, He was in a mortal body, being life, He became subject to corruption, that He might free our souls from death and corruption, and heal them, and might restore them to health, when they were diseased with ungodliness and wicked lusts. La Chiesa cattolica celebra la sua festa il 17 ottobre o il 1º febbraio nella Forma straordinaria, quella copto ortodossa il 2 gennaio (24 Kiahk). There is a campanile attached to the left hand side of the façade, at the bottom of the side aisle. It is flanked by two more mosaics, St Joseph and the Christ-child to the left and The Crucifixion to the right. Ignatius is claimed to be the first known Christian writer to argue in favor of Christianity's replacement of the Sabbath with the Lord's Day: Be not seduced by strange doctrines nor by antiquated fables, which are profitless.